Sombrero Peak (4229 ft.) Towers Over Egg Mountain (915 ft.) — The
Kumeyaay Village at Bow Willow Once Stood on the Flat Ground in Between
ANZA-BORREGO SOUTH :
NATIVE AMERICAN SITES
From San Felipe Creek in Central Anza-Borrego to Indian Hill in Anza-Borrego
South, anytime you find what appears to be a good place to camp you can
well imagine it once was a Kumeyaay village.
Vallecito and Agua Caliente were village sites. There were encampments
in Indian Valley, with access from Indian Gorge and Mountain
Palm Springs. You can still follow the trails.
At Bow Willow, you
can spend the night at an Anza-Borrego Desert State Park camp on the site
of a former Indian village. Look for nearby morteros, or walk to Sombrero
Manfred Knaak refers
to the Indian Hill rock shelter as "one of the most important archaeological
sites in the Anza-Borrego Desert." He says: "It provides the first
hard evidence of human occupation in this desert dating from about 6,000
years to the present." Lindsay (Anza-Borrego A to Z) refers
to the earliest occupants of Indian Hill as Pinto Basin Indians. In All
the Wild and Lonely Places: Journeys in a Desert Landscape, author
Lawrence Hogue paints a chilling picture of cowboy and Indian days here.
In the Yuha Desert, the Yuha Intaglios near Yuha
Basin are a powerful testament to Native-American spirituality. In 1971,
some Indian remains were found near Yuha Basin. They were determined to
have been about 3,500 years old.
But beyond looking at the few signs that are there, the thoughtful desert
visitor will want to look at the area's documented Native-American past.
Lindsay is an excellent starting place for such a study. Knaak is recommended
for the rock art perspective.
See also: Rock Art, the Anza-Borrego
Desert's Forgotten Artist